During the Battle of Saipan, Marines stormed the beaches of strategically important Japanese island Saipan in order to acquire the key air base from which the USA originates.
Faced with the harsh Japanese resistance, Americans were flying out of the airplanes to set up a bridgehead, fight Japanese soldiers inland and force the Japanese army to withdraw northward.
Without supplies, the battle of Saipan was hopeless for defenders, but Japanese were determined to fight for the last man.
Without getting enough supplies, a battle under Saipan would have been hopeless for the Japanese, but the Japanese were determined to fight for the last man.
Marines, supported by sea shooting, landed on the south-west coast of Saipan and lost Japanese artillery.
However, thanks to the actions of air strikes of 11-15 June, the remaining Japanese planes created only a small inconvenience towards the landing during the whole Marianas Campaign campaign.
A jacket with flame throwers comes out of the cave fortress at the northern end of the island during the last fights for Saipan Island.
The army strengthened its strength and started to push inland towards Aslito Airport and Japanese forces in the southern and central parts of the island.
O’ Brien, commander of the 1st Battalion, 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division, died in action in Saipan during the massive Japanese suicide attack.
Saito expected that the Japanese Navy would help him to lead the Americans out of the island, but the Imperial fleet suffered a devastating defeat in the battle over the Philippines Sea (19-20 June 1944) and never reached Saipan.
Under fire, Americans Marines are promoted to positions held by Japanese troops in Tanapag, Saipan, Northern Mariana, June.
Garner (MCSN: 416496), United States Maritime Corps Reserve, for visible bravery and foolishness, at the same time acting as Group Leader and Battalion, SECOND Maritime Division, in the fight against hostile Japanese forces in Saipan, Marianas Islands, 24 June 1944.
By killing the officer in charge of the counter-attack, he managed to disorganize the group and thwart their attempts to break the line, thus making a significant contribution to the effectiveness of the attack of his battalion.
During the American invasion, there were approximately 30,000 civilians on the island, some 26,000 Japanese army soldiers from 43 divisions and 6,000 naval troops.
Initially, at the start of the battle, the Japanese relations focused on the spirit of IJA’s struggle and the heavy victims suffered by the American forces.
Hundreds of natives and soldiers jumped out of the cliffs of northern Saipan (some of them were thrown away by Japanese soldiers), while others committed suicide, holding on to grenades in caves.
On 21st June three tanks supporting the advancement of the 1st battalion were hit by an intense enemy fire when they approached the Japanese position on the back.
The second phase of the Battle of Saipan started on June 21st, when General Howlin’ Mad Smith ordered 27 divisions to turn north and attack the center of the island, supported by the 2nd and 4th maritime division, on which the responsibility for attacking coastlines and isolating Japanese defenders in the northern part of the island was assigned.
Japanese forces kept fire until the LVT reached coral reef lips when they spilled artillery, mortar and machine guns on Marines at the end of the year.
On the northern beaches, two command stations of the 2nd Marine Division were destroyed, killing the commanders of the battalion and key personnel, and in the south the 4th Division fought indecisively against Japanese tanks for hours.
In Saipan with anti-aircraft weapons and 318 Fighter Groups, garrison forces were established to defend the island against Japanese aircraft.
Back to stories